In your research on nootropics, am sure you have come across racetams, right?
They are a wide family of brain supplements and each varies from another in terms of how they work, uses and so many other things.
And I’m guessing you would want to learn as much as you can about them, true?
Well, you are at the right place because within this post, I will help you understand what racetams really are, their history, how they work, the available types of racetams, dosage, stacking, their benefits, side effects, the best place to buy them, safety, the current top 5 racetams, banned racetams and all FAQ’s.
So with that said, let’s get started with racetams.
What are Racetams?
Racetams are a class of nootropics, cognitive boosting drugs that are grouped together because they have a similar chemical structure therefore causing their users to experience similar effects.
Racetams have a two-pyrrolidone nucleus which is made up of hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen.
Racetams are known for their ability to boost brain activities such as memory, mood and energy.
However, how well they work depends on a number of factors like your health status, reaction to them, to name a few, that vary from one person to another.
History of Racetams
We all know that there is a history to everything.
So now, let’s get to see how this group came about.
Piracetam was the first racetam to be made and was discovered by accident when Dr. C.E. Giurgea, a research scientist in the Soviet Union, was looking for something to induce relaxation and sleep.
He was greatly impressed by the abilities of this compound on brain functions and because of this he became very invested in this area.
It’s through this discovery that many other brain enhancing compounds were made.
How Racetams Work
Well, to start with, the mechanism of action of each racetam may slightly differ from the other.
However, what racetams mostly do, is affect certain neurotransmitters in your brain.
There are racetams that work by enhancing how neurotransmitter receptors function, whereas others promote what is produced by the neurochemical, and others hinder the breakdown of other neurotransmitters, as we are going to see in a few.
When all these processes take place in your body, the system of nerve cells that uses acetylcholine to send nerve impulses is greatly enhanced, something that is beneficial to your brain.
Racetams also promote the movement of nutrients, glucose among other things from the blood to the brain thereby providing energy to your brain.
Types of Racetams
Now, what you should know is that this group of nootropics is quite large.
Each racetam is unique and is purported to act in a certain way in the human brain.
Let’s take a look at these racetams and what they do;
This racetam is said to be the oldest member of the racetam family as it was discovered back in the year 1964.
It’s purported to be really effective for cognitive decline in old people, activates glutamate receptors and thus improves synaptic plasticity which is responsible for learning and memory.
It’s also good for people getting started with racetams as its effects mild and not very severe.
Its effects are much stronger than those of piracetam.
It’s said to be good for anxiety and stress because it targets the brain AMPA receptors and interacts with neurotransmitters such as choline, dopamine and serotonin which contribute to your wellbeing.
It also boosts your creativity because it works on the right side of the brain.
It is also more potent than piracetam.
It increases release of substances such as acetylcholine, D-aspartic acid and glutamate, which increase activity in neurons and as a result your memory is supported.
It also aids in areas such as attention, memory decline as well as logical thinking.
It’s a derivative of piracetam with phenyl added to its structure.
It has the following effects on people; help in cold environments, enhancing memory, anxiolytic, antidepressant and anti amnesia.
It was banned from Olympics because of its ability to boost muscle activity.
Many people believe it to be the strongest racetam amongst all the others, although Aniracetam gives it quite some challenge.
It increases blood flow to the brain, increases choline uptake in the brain thereby helping you remain focused in tasks at hand.
It also helps with learning and memory.
It was originally intended for treating Alzheimer’s disease by Japan’s Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation in 2005.
However, studies have been carried out on its capability to repair memory and learning, and it proved helpful.
It has High Affinity for Choline Uptake (HACU) and because of this, it increases levels of acetylcholine which is responsible for brain abilities and storing memories.
It’s also associated with other benefits such as making vision much better, learning and even aiding with anxiety.
This racetam was developed by a Japanese Company known as Nippon Shinyaku in the early 1990s.
However, it failed clinical trials for its lack of efficacy and as a result, the trials were stopped.
In the year 2013, a company known as Neuro revived clinical trials on fasoracetam, in adolescents who suffered anxiety, ADHD and autism with mutations in the glutamate receptor gene.
Fasoracetam is now in stage ll clinical trials for the same.
It is said to help with anxiety and depression as well as support memory.
First and foremost, you have to understand that each racetam is taken differently as far as dosage is concerned.
As much as they are in one class with almost similar effects, the dosage of each is different.
Here is a guide of how each racetam should be taken.
1. Piracetam dosage
Adults dosage is 1200mg
Children dosage is 40 -100mg
The maximum dosage that can be taken for this racetam is 1600 mg, taken three times a day which totals to 4800mg.
For better results, you could stack this racetam in the following ways:
* With choline sources such as citicoline or Alpha GPC, one time per day, to avoid the depletion of acetycholine which could cause fogginess and headaches.
* With other racetams such as aniracetam to boost memory, creativity and mood much better using four parts piracetam and one part aniracetam, one to two times a day.
2. Aniracetam dosage
The ideal dosage of this racetam is 750 -1500 mg a day.
It stacks well with Acetylcholine compounds such as Alpha GPC and Citicoline.
You can also stack it with other racetams such as oxiracetam, piracetam and phenylpiracetam.
3. Oxiracetam dosage
The dosage of this racetam is 800 to 2400mg.
It’s good that if you are a beginner you start with a low dose until you determine what dosage works well for your body.
4. Pramiracetam dosage
The dosage for this racetam is 1,200 mg daily.
This can divided into either three 400mg or two 600 mg doses.
Pramiracetam stacks well with a choline source such as citicoline or alpha GPC.
5. Coluracetam dosage
The ideal dosage is 10mg daily to 80mg three times which add up to 240mg daily.
An adult dosage of 150 to 240mg is safe and will not expose you to side effects that come with taking the drug.
6. Fasoracetam dosage
When trials on this racetam began, they were being carried out using doses between 100 to 400 mg orally two times and this was with ADHD patients.
Now, the racetam can be taken in a dose between 5mg to 15mg under the tongue to help with fast absorption.
However, those that have used this drug have found it effective through taking a dosage of 100 – 800 mg daily.
7. Phenylpiracetam dosage
The typical dose is 100mg to 250mg per dose with meals three times a day.
Maximum dosage is 750 mg per day.
If you are getting started with the drug, you should start with lower doses as possible to avoid side effects.
The racetam stacks well with Alpha GPC, fish oil and even mulNootropics.
Benefits of Racetams
There are so many benefits associated with these compounds.
Here are the common benefits experienced by people that take racetams.
1. Improved Memory
Through frequent intake, you remember information more effectively.
This is important in the modern living because of the level of productivity required from us in work, school and other areas of our lives, and therefore really useful.
2. Reduces Anxiety and Depression
So many people are battling with these health conditions around the world.
There are so many factors that cause them but there are solutions, and taking racetams e.g coluracetam is one of them.
Through the studies that have been carried out on Coluracetam, it has been proven to help deal with the symptoms that come with anxiety and depression and therefore really beneficial to users.
3. Help prevent the brain from degenerative diseases
Racetams have proven to have the ability to protect the brain from diseases such as Alzheimer’s and so old people should consider taking them as well as people that want to keep their brains active.
4. Promote creation of new brain cells
Coluracetam is a good example of a racetam that promotes growth of new brain cells.
This process is very important for your brain and so you should consider taking the racetam.
5. Boost mood
There are many things that mess with your mood.
Could be you are stressed or just tired.
If you need a boost in the area, racetams have proven to be very beneficial.
6. Help you remain focused
In the modern world, so much requires our undivided attention so as to get accomplished.
Therefore, if you need help with this area, racetams are a good option.
7. Boost cognition generally
This is one of the best benefit of racetams.
Improved cognition helps your brain work well and that is why you should try out racetams.
The Side Effects
To start with, racetams have been considered generally safe and therefore do not cause side effects.
However our bodies react differently and some people could experience certain side effects.
Here the most common side effects that have been associated with racetams.
Where To Buy Racetams Online
When it comes to racetams, their availability can be a bit of a problem mostly because racetams are not FDA approved.
I think they have not been approved because they have different results for people who take them.
So if you want to purchase them, the most reputable places I would recommend are:
These are safe platforms as they have good authentic quality products and mainly deal with nootropics.
Safety of Racetams
It’s true that racetams are considered safe to take.
However, this does not mean that there are no risks involved with taking the racetams, no.
There are but are mostly mild and to help you avoid this risks, these are precautions you can work with;
* Start with smaller doses to access how well your body reacts.
* Avoid mixing racetams with prescription meds.
* Avoid exceeding the dosage of the specific racetam you are taking.
Top Five Racetams
The top racetams in terms of how popular they are as well as used are as follows;
* Phenylpiracetam was banned by The Olympic committee because of its ability to stimulate muscle activity something that can cause unfair competition.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS)
1. Are racetams safe?
Racetams are considered safe to take. Just ensure you follow the recommended dose and ensure you stick to the guidelines that come with each bottle.
2. How long do racetams stay in the body?
Well, to start with, each racetam has its own half life in the body and they are as follows;
Piracetam – around 5 hours
Colouracetam – 3 hours
Aniracetam – 2 to 4 hours
Fasoracetam – 1 to 2 hours
Phenylpiracetam – 3 to 5hours
Oxiracetam – around 8 hours
Pramiracetam – 4 and a half to 7 and a half hours
3. Are racetams legal?
Legality is a crucial area when it comes to racetams.
Because let’s start with them not being in the US FDA approved.
There are also other countries like Canada and UK where a racetam like coluracetam can only be sold legally through prescription.
So I think where you live really matters in terms of availability of racetams because your government has certain restrictions.
And that is pretty much it with racetams.
If you have any concerns, questions or comments, do let me know about them in the comments below and I will be glad to give you a hand with them.
And make sure you leave a comment below or you will be haunted by Casper, the friendly ghost. 🙂